Selected Publications

“The Beijing-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Ban (AIIB): Global Leader in Infrastructure Finance, At What Cost? – The AIIB’s Approach to Transparency and Public Access to Information”, with Wawa Wang, published by the Heinrich Boell Foundation, December 2020. Also available in German, French and Simplified Chinese.

“Too Many Loopholes,” with Wawa Wang, in Development + Cooperation, November 2020. Also available in German “Zu viele Schlupfloecher” in Entwicklung + Zusammenarbeit,  November 2020.

“The AIIB’s Transparency Deficit,” with Wawa Wang, published by Project Syndicate in English, German, French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Polish,  Bahasa Indonesia, Russian, Arabic, Chinese and Dutch,  Oct. 22, 2020. 

“Paying the Price for Development,” in Development + Cooperation, September 2020. Also available in German “Hoher Preis fuer Entwicklung,” in Entwicklung + Zusammenarbeit, October 2020.

“Wie viel Mitsprache ist erlaubt?” in Boell Thema: Infrastrukturen gestalten unsere Zukunft, Berlin, January 2020.

“The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB): A Multilateral Bank where China sets the Rules”,  Heinrich Boell Foundation, Publication Series on Democracy, Volume 52, Berlin, April 2019.

“Die Asiatische Infrastruktur Investment Bank (AIIB): Eine multilaterale Bank, in der China die Regeln bestimmt”, Heinrich Boell Stiftung, Schriften zur Demokratie, Band 52, Berlin, April 2019.

“Die Bank an Chinas Seite”, in Sueddeutsche Zeitung,  27. September 2018.

“To the Detriment of Minorities, the World Bank has weakened its Social and Environmental Standards”, in Development & Cooperation, Vol. 45,  Frankfurt, December 2018.

“Zu Lasten von Minderheiten hat die Weltbank ihre Sozial- und Umweltstandards abgeschwaecht”, in Entwicklung & Zusammenarbeit, Jg.59, Frankfurt, December 2018.

“Deutschland verleiht der AIIB Glaubwuerdigkeit”, in: Hoering, U., Der Lange Marsch 2.0,VSA Verlag Hamburg, 2018.

“Ética das políticas de cooperação para o desenvolvimento”, in:  Patrão Neves, M., e Soromenho-Marques, Ética Aplicada – Ambiente, Edições 70, Lisbon, 2017.

“Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB): Die neue globale Playerin unter der Lupe,” in Global+ Globalisierung und Nord/Sued-Politik ( Swiss Journal), Nº 67, Bern, Fall 2017.

International Financial Institutions Must Heed Lessons Learned in Regard to Displacement and Poverty,” in Development & Cooperation ( International Journal), July 2017 (also published in the German language edition).

Vorher Arm, Jetzt Hoffnungslos” in: Boell Thema 1/ 2017, Die G 20 am Scheideweg, Heinrich Boell Foundation, Berlin, 2017.

Lean, Clean and Green – Chinas neue Investitionsbank- Deutsche Mitverantwortung,” in: TAZ, Die Tageszeitung, Berlin, October 28, 2016.

Weltbank startet ein riskantes Experiment,” (opinion article) in: Handelsblatt, Duesseldorf, 9.9.2016.

The New China-Led Investment Bank AIIB and its Geostrategical Meaning,” Horta, K. with Wang, W. and Sausmikat, N., in: Blickwechsel, Stiftung Asienhaus, Cologne, April 2016.

“Internationale Finanzinstitutionen: Reduzierter Schutz,” in: Entwicklung & Zusammenarbeit (international journal), Frankfurt, March/April 2016.
English language edition: International Financial Institutions: Rolling Back Protections,” in: Development & Cooperation, Frankfurt, March/ April 2016.

“Vorsicht vor Chinas Geld, ”(opinion article) in: Sueddeutsche Zeitung, December 23, 2015.

“Ohne Ruecksicht fuer den Fortschritt,” in: Weltsichten (Ecumenical Journal), Frankfurt, September 2015.

Forests under Threat from Weakened World Bank Social, Environmental Safeguards,” in: Development Today, Norway, 7/2015.

“Guidance for a New Bank,” letter to the editor, International New York Times, July 26-27, 2014.

Die Geber duerfen nicht wegschauen,” (opinion article) in: Die Zeit, February 13, 2014.

Waldschutz: Das Ende des vorschnellen Optimismus,” in: Entwicklung & Zusammenarbeit (international journal), Frankfurt, May 2013.
English language edition: Forest Degradation: The End of Over-Optimism,” in: Development & Cooperation, Frankfurt, May 2013.

“Die Weltbank & Waldpolitik” in: Forum Umwelt & Entwicklung (magazine), Berlin, April 2013.

Internationale Finanzinstitutionen – Wichtige Pruefung,”in: Entwicklung & Zusammenarbeit (international journal), Frankfurt February 2013.
English language edition: International Financial Institutions: Most Relevant Review,” in: Development & Cooperation, Frankfurt, February 2013.

“Public-Private Partnership and Institutional Capture : The State, International Institutions, and Indigenous Peoples in Chad and Cameroon” in: The Politics of Resource Extraction, Indigenous Peoples, Multinational Corporations and the State, Sawyer, S. and Gomez E.T. (ed), Palgrave Macmillan and UNRISD, New York, 2012.

“What really smart aid would do” Horta K. with Djiraibe D., Letter to the Editor, Financial Times, June 23, 2012.

“Hoher Einsatz: Walderhaltung durch REDD+,” in: Entwicklung & Zusammenarbeit (international journal), Frankfurt, Juli/August 2012.
English language edition: “Stakes are high for Forest Protection through REDD+,” Development & Cooperation, Frankfurt, July/ August 2012.

“Globale Leitlinien” in: Entwicklung & Zusammenarbeit (international journal), Frankfurt, November 2011.
English language edition: Crucial Environmental Standards” in: Development & Cooperation, Frankfurt, November 2011.

“Two Decades after the Rio Earth Summit: Sustainable Development Quo-Vadis?“ in: Observare, Universidade Autónoma, Lisbon (English and Portuguese) , Fall 2011.

Global Climate Politics in the Congo Basin – Unprecedented Opportunity or High-Risk Gamble?”, Heinrich Böll Foundation, Berlin, Germany, 2009.

“The Politics of Policy & Practice – International Financial Institutions and Biodiversity” (book), Lambert Academic Publishing, Cologne, Germany, 2008.

Weltklimapolitik im Kongobecken: Neue Chance oder Ökorente für die Eliten?“ GIGA Focus, German Institute for Global and Area Studies, Nº 3, ISSN 1862-3603, 2009.

“IWF und Weltbank brauchen neuen grünen Kurs“ (with Unmuessig, B)., Zeit-Online, April 2009.

“Rights and Development, What Progress at the World’s Largest Aid Agency?” in: Fraser D. and Rodrigues, G. (Ed), Disrespect Today, Conflict Tomorrow – The Politics of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Critical, Cultural and Communication Press, Nottingham, UK, 2009.

Fix Chad to Save Darfur,” in: Los Angeles Times, April 29. 2008.

Dam Shame – Africa’s Huge Barrages,” in The Guardian, London, January 23, 2008.

“Bank Should Cease All Coal Investment,” Letter to the Editor, Financial Times, London and New York, December 11, 2007.

Nova Barragem no Zambeze inquieta Populações,” in: Público, Lisbon, November 11, 2007.

The Wolfowitz Pattern at the World Bank,” in The Boston Globe, May 19, 2007.

Trouble in the Pipeline,” in: The Guardian, London, January 17, 2007 (reprinted in The Hindu, New Delhi, January 18, 2007).

China: una nueva amenza para los recursos naturales,” in: Ecologia Politica, Cuadernos de Debate Internacional, No. 31, Içaria Editorial, Barcelona, October 2006.

Export Credit Agencies: Not so Innocent Bystanders in Environmental and Human Rights Abuse,” in Amnesty International, Human Rights, Trade and Investment Matters, London and New York, May 2006.

The World Bank’s Decade for Africa: A New Dawn for Development Aid?” in: Yale Journal of International Affairs, Retooling International Organizations, Volume I, Issue 2, Winter/Spring 2006.

“The Role of the World Bank in Africa’s Largest Water Project: The Perspective of International NGOs” (with Lori Pottinger) in: On the Wrong Side of Development – Lessons Learned from the Lesotho Highland Water Project, Lenka Thamae & Pottinger (eds), Transformation Resource Center, Maseru, Lesotho, 2006.

“Top-Down, Grassroots and Civic Environmentalism” in: Frontiers, Journal of The Ecological Society of America, February 2006.

“Caught in the Oil Trap,” in: New Scientist, U.K. 11 February 2006.

“The Chad-Cameroon Oil & Pipeline Project – A Case Study,” in The European Investment Bank in the South – in Whose Interest?”  a joint report by CEE Bankwatch, Friends of the Earth International, Campagna per la Riforma della Banca Mondiale and WEED, February 2006 (The report was translated into Spanish).

A Big Idea for Aiding Africa – Think Small,” (with Lori Pottinger) in: Los Angeles Times, September 21, 2005.

“Africa’s Double Curse: Oil and the World Bank,” in: Report by the Alternatives Commission for Africa, Edinburgh, July 2005.

“The Chad-Cameroon Oil and Pipeline Project,” in: How Dutch Public Money is Used to Finance the Oil Industry, Report published by Milieu Defensie, Amsterdam, June 2005.

“How to Ensure Loan Reach Poor,” Letter to the Editor, Financial Times, London and New York, May 25, 2005.

“The International Finance Corporation: Luring Increased Private Sector Investment Into Forest and Other Sectors at Any Price?” and “Forests and Structural Adjustment: The World Bank’s Steamrolling of Shareholders and Its Own Board,” in: Broken Promises, a publication of the World Rainforest Movement, Uruguay, 2005.

“Dateline Chad: Return of the Resource Curse?” in: The Globalist, Washington, D.C., January 2005.

“Oil and Development: The World Bank’s Test Case in Africa,” in: BankWatch Mail, Prague, September 2004.

Africa’s Dangerous Treasure” (with Delphine Djiraibe), in: The Washington Post, March 10, 2004. (Reprinted in Arab News, The Middle East’s Leading English Language Daily, March 18, 2004).

“Battle Looms Over World Bank Support for Extractive Industries,” in: World Rivers Review, Berkeley, February 2004.

“The World Bank Trade Agenda and Sustainable Development” in: Bridges, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, Geneva, February 2004.

“Conheça a Realidade das Agências de Crédito à Exportação,” (with Luis Galrão), booklet published by Euronatura, Lisbon, 2003.

“Proposed Portugal Dam Would Flood Culturally Rich, Biologically Diverse Area” (with Helena Freitas) in: World Rivers Review, Berkeley, June 2003

“World Commission on Dams Redux” in: World Rivers Review, Berkeley, April 2003;

“The Chad/Cameroon Oil and Pipeline Project – Can its Track Record Hold Lessons for the Baku-Tibilisi-Ceyhan Pipeline?” in: FERN Briefing Notes, Brussels, January 2003 (Also translated into Russian).

“Internationale Finanzinstitutionen und Menschenrechte” in: Jahrbuch Menschenrechte 2003, Suhrkamp Taschenbuch, Frankfurt, 2002.

Reassessing African Project’s Failure” (with Delphine Djiraibe), in: The Boston Globe, September 27, 2002;

“The Chad/Cameroon Oil and Pipeline Project” (with Delphine Djiraibe), in: Biosphere, South Africa’s Environmental Monthly, Johannesburg, July 2002;

Rhetoric and Reality: Human Rights and the World Bank” in: Harvard Human Rights Journal, Cambridge, Spring 2002; (Reprinted by Academy of European Law, online, June 17, 2002)

“Corrupt Process” in: World Rivers Review, Berkeley, April 2002;

“The World Bank and Forests” in: World Rainforest Movement Bulletin, Uruguay March 22, 2002 (also published in Spanish by Eco Portal. Net in Argentina)

“Des Eaux Troubles: Les Désastres causés à la rivière de Tana (Kenya) par la Banque mondiale” in: L’eau, patrimoine commun de l’humanité, Editions L’Harmattan, Paris, Spring 2002.

“Weltbank und Wald – Neue Gefahren fuer Primaerwaelder” in: German Forum for Environment and Development, October 2001.

“NGO-Efforts in Africa’s Largest Oil Project” in: Association of Concerned Africa Scholars Bulletin, Fall 2001.

“Biodiversity Conservation and the Political Economy of International Financial Institutions” in: Political Ecology – Science, Myth and Power, Stott & Sullivan (eds), Arnold Publishers and Oxford University Press, 2000.

“Finding a Better Way for Water Management” (with Lori Pottinger) in: ITT Industries Guidebook to Global Water Issues, ITT Industries, 2000.

“Global Environment Facility” in: Environmental Regulation Law, Science and Policy, Percival et al. (eds.) Aspen Law and Business, New York, 2000.

Funding Big Oil in the Name of the Poor” in: The Ecologist Report, September 2000.

O Futuro das Políticas de Desenvolvimento” in: O Terceiro Milénio: Medos e Esperanças, Câmara Municipal de Cascais, Portugal, 2000

World Bank Policies Destroy Forests” in: Multinational Monitor, Washington, D.C., June 2000.

“The Chad/Cameroon Oil and Pipeline Project – Plans for Environmental Monitoring: Multilayered Conflicts of Interest” in: Liability for Environmental Damage and the World Bank’s Chad Cameroon Oil and Pipeline Project, The Netherlands Committee for IUCN, World Conservation Union, Amsterdam 2000.

Will It Be Business as Usual at the World Bank?” in: Los Angeles Times, May 9, 2000.

“Die Weltbank im Kampf gegen das Waldsterben: Noch ein Verlorenes Jahrzehnt” in: Weltwirtschaft & Entwicklung, Germany, March-April 2000.

“The World Bank, Cameroon and the Politics of Governance” in: Multinational Monitor, Washington, D.C., June 1999.

“Viagem ao inferno de Timor”(Report on East Timor visit) in Semmais Jornal, Portugal, May 1999.

“El Banco Mundial mira a los bosques” Revista del Sur, Uruguay, February 1999.

US can help stop brewing water wars” in: The Christian Science Monitor, January 27, 1999.

“Commentary–Water Wars” in: World Rivers Review, Volume 13, Number 13, December 1998.

“Global Environment Facility” in: Foreign Policy In Focus, Volume 3, Number 39, December 1998.

“The forest cries” in: The Congo Basin, C. Besselink and P. Sips, eds., Netherlands Committee for IUCN, World Conservation Union, May 1998.

“Proyecto Petrolero y Oleoducto Chad Camerún” in: Tegantai, Ecuador, May 1998.

“Von allen guten Vorsätzen verlassen – Weltbank plant Förderung einer Ölpipeline durch Tschad und Kamerun” in: Ökozid Journal, Germany, January 1998

“La Nuit Coloniale – Cameroon’s war against subsistence” in: BOS Newsletter, Netherlands, Volume 16(13), Number 37, November 1997.

“Chad/Cameroon Oil Pipeline Project: A new Ogoniland in the making?” African Agenda, Ghana, June 1997.

Pipeline disaster in the making” in: The Journal of Commerce, March 12, 1997.

“Fueling Strife in Chad and Cameroon – The Exxon-Shell-ELF-World Bank Plans for Central Africa” in: Multinational Monitor, Washington, D.C., May 1997.

Why I was Banned from a Congo RainforestThe Christian Science Monitor, November 26, 1996.

Der Willkür der Besatzer ausgeliefert” in: Die Zeit, October 25, 1996.

Dams & distress for kingdom in the skyPeople & the Planet, IPPF, IUCN, UNFPA, WWF, London, Vol 5, Number 3, 1996.

“The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund” in: Greening International Institutions, Jacob Werksman, ed., Earthscan Publications, London, 1996.

Des Prêts verts?Courrier de la Planete, Numéro 35, Solagral, Montpellier, July/August 1996.

“The World Bank and Its Environmental Policies” Journal of Environmental Law and Practice, Warren, Gorham & Lamont, Volume 3, Number 6, Boston, May/June 1996

“Making the Earth Rumble – The Lesotho-South African Water Connection” in: Multinational Monitor, Washington, D.C., May 1996

“The Mountain Kingdom’s White Oil – The Lesotho Highlands Water Project” The Ecologist, Vol.25, No.6, United Kingdom, November/December 1995.

Monster of the HimalayasThe Washington Post, November 6, 1994.

“Kenya’s Troubled Waters” Multinational Monitor, Washington July/August 1994.

“Nimba-Berge fur europäische Stahlkocher” Südwind, Austria’s official Magazine for Development Policy, Vienna, April 1994.

Can the World Bank be Reformed?EPA Journal, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, April-June 1993.

Environmental Band-AidThe Boston Globe, May 23, 1993.

“The Growing Threat to Central Africa’s Great Forest” Annual Meeting News Dakar, Senegal, May 1992.

“Die Zerstörung der Wälder Kameruns”, in: Afrika, Der Vergessene Kontinent”, Akafrik/ Heinrich Böll Stiftung, Germany, December 1991.

The Plundering of Cameroon’s Rainforests“, The Ecologist, Vol. 21, No.3, United Kingdom, May/June 1991 (also published in German by Ökozid Journal, 2/1991)

“Road Project in Cote d’Ivoire Threatens Coastal Ecosystems” Annual Meeting News Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire, May 1991.

“The World Bank in the Amazon” (co-author), IWGIA Documents, Denmark, 1989 (also published in French by Ethnies magazine, Paris, Spring 1990).

“O Lexico Português numa Ilha Remota da Oceania” study on the influence of the Portuguese language in Tetum, the lingua franca spoken in East Timor, Institute for Portuguese Culture and Language, Portugal, 1987.

“Ost-Timor: Das Vergessene Sterben” (co-author), book on Indonesia’s human rights record in East Timor, Pogrom Series, Germany, 1985.

“A Luta de Garcia de Orta”, study on a Renaissance scientist of tropical medicinal plants, Revista Historia, Portugal, 1983.

“Para Uma Leitura Taoista de Alberto Caeiro”, study on Taoist influences in the poetry of the best-known Portuguese poet of the 20th century, Fernando Pessoa, Persona 8, Centro de Estudos Pessoanos, Portugal, 1983.

“Timor: O Vietname Silencioso”, study on the history of East Timor from Portuguese colonialism to Indonesian occupation, Revista Historia, Portugal, 1983.